There are different project management roles within the project team. The Project Manager is the key player in the Project Management Team. The role of the Project Manager and the other key Project Management Roles are defined below:
Project Manager: The project manager is a person who is overall accountable for the successful delivery of the project. The project manager we are reliant on those resources for carrying out the day-to-day project activities. Collaboration with multiple teams is a key theme in the world of project management.
Program Manager: They are individuals who manage the overall program; usually the project manager has a reporting into the program manager. It’s important to keep the program manager informed of the project progress and highlights any risks and issues, as these would then need to be rolled up to the program level.
Business Architect/ Analyst: The role is critical role definition in projects during the requirement gathering or the Analysis Phase. They work closely with the business partners to capture the business needs and translate those needs into lucid technical requirements. They use various tools and techniques to capture the existing business processes and to showcase the changes the project proposes to introduce.
Technical Architect/ Analyst: This is a key role definition in projects responsible for doing the technical analysis and architectural design for project. Usually the business analyst passes on the technical requirements to the technical analysts and architects who then provide a preliminary analysis on the requirements.
Programmers and Developers: The technical architects would pass the technical analysis and design to the programmers and developers who then develop or build the product based on the specifications. They would in turn rely on the technical architect’s guidance for completing the build for the project. The programmers would also conduct a preliminary testing of the product to ensure that product meets the business needs.
Test Manager and Analyst: The testing team is responsible for formulating the testing strategy for the project; understanding key test data requirements and the test environmental needs. Additionally they would be creating the test conditions, scripts and cases based on the technical requirement documentation. After the developers have completed the build of the project, the testers would conduct a few rounds of the system integration testing by executing the test scripts documented earlier. Upon successful completion of the testing, they would work with the business partners to conduct the User Acceptance Testing with the objective of soliciting end user approval that the final product met the business needs.
Implementation / Release Manager: The Release Manager is responsible of ensuring that the final release of the product is successful. They usually work closely with the project manager to ensure that all the installation activities are carried out, and the end users are able to use the end product successfully. The project manager collaborates with the above key role definitions in the projects, and ensures that all roles and responsibilities are made clear at the start of the project.
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